Machines - Hydraulics


Codex Atlanticus f. 1078 a-r

Dimension: CM. 201 X 129 X 203

Description: Water as motive power is one of the basic principles of technology before, during, and after Leonardo Da Vinci’s age, up until fairly recent times.


Codex Atlanticus f. 26 v.

Dimension: CM. 60 x 75 x 15

Description: The name already designates this model's paternity. It is possible to find drawings and project in the various codes belonging to Leonardo, who, applying his brilliant intuitions, makes sure that the movement of the screw is completely automatic, so that it supplies running water.


Codex Arundel f. 24 v.

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 15

Description: If there should still be any doubt Leonardo's inventiveness, the study of the diver shows how he was ahead of time; he applies two tubes with a membrane to the mask so that one is for inspiring and the other for exhaling. One tube wouldn't be enough because it would fill up with carbon dioxide and suffocate the diver.


Codex Atlanticus f. 26 r.

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 160

Description: The wish to dominate all the elements that surround man, bring Leonardo to study means that allow man to easily move on water surface.


Manuscript B, f. 11 r.

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 122

Description: If Leonardo draws enforced bulbs to stave in the keels of the enemy crafts for the offense at the same time is cautious to design double hull ships, so that if they would be attacked and rammed, they had watertight compartments that would allow the ship to keep afloat.


Manuscript B, f. 83 r.

Dimension: CM. 97 X 163 X 165

Description: Blades were often used in order to increase the navigation speed of vessels. The blades were at times of very big size and were powered by muscular force and not yet by steam, as would happen at the time of the industrial revolution.


Codex Atlanticus f. 855 r

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 108

Description: Leonardo Da Vinci left several examples of movable bridges, drawn throughout his career as a military engineer. The bridges could be used immediately at need.


Manuscript E f. 75 v.

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 122

Description: Using man's strength but even that of water, this model's paddles dig the bottom of the channel and clean it. The dredger had a sort of pontoon behind itself in order to discharge mud and the waste picked up.


Manuscript B, f. 87 v.

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 154

Description: Leonardo’s drawings represent a hand wearing a webbed glove for helping people to swim and a lifebuoy. The webbed glove consists in a membrane stretched over five wooden needles and resembles a webbed foot. The lifebuoy is described as a “little leather bag filled with air”.